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Melocactus paucispinus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Melocactus paucispinus
Species Authority: G.Heimen & R.J.Paul

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-08-08
Assessor(s): Braun, P., Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D.
Reviewer(s): Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Justification:
Melocactus paucispinus was previously listed as Endangered because at the time of the last assessment it was only known from a small area. Since then, many additional subpopulations have been found and the species, even though it is not abundant where it occurs, has a wide range. There are threats, such as collection and sand quarrying, but they are localized, and it occurs within a protected area. The species is therefore listed as Least Concern.
History:
2002 Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in the Chapada Diamantina and northern Serra do Espinhaço, northern to southern Bahia, Brazil. It grows at altitudes between 1,000 and 1,550 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Brazil (Bahia)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is scattered over a large area and is not abundant where found. The population size is of several thousands.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species grows in sand or quartz gravel, cerrado de altitude and campo rupestre.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no known use for the species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is sand quarrying. The species is not tolerated by farmers, they dig up plants to avoid cattle getting hurt. The species is collected, mainly at the type locality.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs within the Parque Nacional Chapada Diamantina, and is listed in CITES Appendix I.

Citation: Braun, P., Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D. 2013. Melocactus paucispinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.
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