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Melocactus deinacanthus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Melocactus deinacanthus
Species Authority: Buining & Brederoo

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-08-08
Assessor(s): Braun, P., Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D.
Reviewer(s): Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Tognelli, M.
Justification:
Melocactus deinacanthus was known from only one location, however many more subpopulations were detected later on. Still, the range is restricted (extent of occurrence 800 km2) and fragmented. There is continuing decline and the species has no protection. Hence, it is listed as Endangered under criterion B1ab(iii,v).
History:
2002 Critically Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This cactus is known from central-southern Bahia, Brazil, where it appears to have a very limited distribution east of the Rio São Francisco and west of the Chapada Diamantina. It grows at altitudes between 450 and 600 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Brazil (Bahia)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is locally abundant, and there are hundreds of thousands of individuals. The species was known from only one locality, however many other have been discovered.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species grows in caatinga element in canga (where it hybridizes with other melocacti) and on gneissic inselbergs.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is locally collected because according to a popular belief the plant has powers to keep away spirits. The impact of this activity is insignificant.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats for this species are loss of habitat for agriculture (small scale), ranching (small scale), urbanization and local collection.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This cactus does not occur in any protected area. The species is included in CITES Appendix I (CITES 2008).

Citation: Braun, P., Machado, M., Taylor, N.P. & Zappi, D. 2013. Melocactus deinacanthus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 August 2014.
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