Echinosorex gymnura 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Eulipotyphla Erinaceidae

Scientific Name: Echinosorex gymnura (Raffles, 1822)
Common Name(s):
English Moonrat, Gymnure
Echinosorex birmanica (Trouessart, 1879)
Echinosorex borneotica (Fitzinger, 1868)
Echinosorex candida (Günther, 1876)
Echinosorex minor (Lyon, 1909)
Echinosorex rafflesii (Lesson, 1827)
Viverra gymnura Raffles, 1822
Taxonomic Notes: The taxonomy of this species is under review as E. gymnura may be split into several different species (E. Meijaard pers. comm.). Two subspecies are currently recognized: gymnura, from Sumatra and the Asian mainland; and alba from Borneo (Corbet 1988).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-01-22
Assessor(s): Cassola, F.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Lunde, D.P., Ruedas, L., Meijaard, E. & van Strien, N.J.
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, its abundance in suitable habitat, and because it is unlikely to be declining at anything close to the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The Moonrat occurs in the Sundaic region of Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, southern Thailand and southern Myanmar. It can be found throughout Borneo (Brunei, Kalimantan, Sabah and Sarawak), Labuan island (off Sabah), Sumatra, Tebingtinggi island (off the east coast of Sumatra), Peninsular Malaysia, Peninsular Thailand south of 12ºN, and extreme southern Myanmar (Corbet 1988). It has not been reported from Singapore, though it might once have occurred there. It occurs from sea-level up to at least 1,000 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size of this species is not known, but it is believed to be relatively common in suitable locations.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The Moonrat prefers primary and secondary lowland forests, including very moist areas such as mangroves and swamp forests. It is also found in hilly forests. The species can also tolerate a certain degree of habitat modification, and can be found in rubber plantations and other cultivated areas. According to Lekagul and McNeely (1977), Moonrats prefer wet areas and often enter water.
Generation Length (years):3

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Serious forest loss is taking place through much of the range of this species, especially at lower elevations. In particular, forest in being cleared for oil palm plantations, and forests are being burnt in many places. Although these large-scale changes must be having an impact on the species, it is relatively adaptable, and so is probably not seriously threatened at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in many protected areas. Further studies are needed into the taxonomy, distribution, and abundance of this species. If it is shown to comprise several species, it is possible that some of these might prove to be threatened. Research should be carried out to determine whether or not this species can survive in large-scale oil-palm plantations.

Citation: Cassola, F. 2016. Echinosorex gymnura. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T40603A22326807. . Downloaded on 24 September 2018.
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