Diceros bicornis ssp. minor


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Diceros bicornis ssp. minor
Species Authority: (Drummond, 1876)
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Southern-central Black Rhino, South-central Black Rhinoceros
Rhinoceros bicornis subspecies minor Drummond, 1876

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2abcd ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2011-08-06
Assessor(s): Emslie, R.
Reviewer(s): Knight, M.H. & Adcock , K.

Listed as Critically Endangered as the subspecies is estimated to have undergone a decline exceeding 80% over the past three generations. However, in the current major range state, South Africa, numbers of D. b. minor have increased from only 110 in 1930 to 1,684 by the end of 2010. Due to increased poaching, numbers have however declined in a number of populaions in the next biggest range state, Zimbabwe,  but  have increased in other Lowveld populations in the country. Zimbabwe remains the second most important range state conserving 431 as of the end of 2010. Commercial poaching by criminal syndicates has increased in recent years and if poaching continues to escalate this could threaten progress achieved over the last decade. Smaller numbers are also conserved in Tanzania (native), Botswana (reintroduced), Swaziland (reintroduced), Malawi (reintroduced), and Zambia (reintroduced). A single animal has also been seen in Mozambique since the 2008 IUCN SSC African Rhino Specialist Group meeting.

2011 Critically Endangered
2003 Critically Endangered
2002 Critically Endangered
2000 Critically Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Increasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial

Citation: Emslie, R. 2012. Diceros bicornis ssp. minor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.
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