|Scientific Name:||Aiphanes verrucosa|
|Species Authority:||Borchs. & Balslev|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Montúfar, R. & Pitman, N.|
|Reviewer/s:||Valencia, R., Pitman, N., Léon-Yánez, S., Jørgensen, P.M. (Ecuador Plants Red List Authority) & Maunder, M. (Palm Red List Authority)|
A palm endemic to Ecuador, where it is known from three collections in disturbed or grassy areas along the Loja-Zumba road, close to Valladolid, in Zamora-Chinchipe province. Not known to occur in Eucador’s protected areas network, but should be searched for in the Parque Nacional Podocarpus. In 1997 the IUCN classified the species as "Rare" (Walter and Gillett 1998) and in 1998 as Vulnerable (Oldfield et al. 1998), but its small geographic range merits a stronger threat category. Habitat destruction is the main threat.
|Range Description:||Restricted to the Andes of south-east Ecuador in Zamora-Chinchipe province. So far it is known only from two localities and one historical record. The species may occur in more inaccessible areas of south-east Ecuador.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This small palm tree is scattered in cloud forest and montane open forest (high Andean forest)
between 2,000 and 3,000 m.
|Major Threat(s):||At least one of the subpopulations has suffered from a severe reduction in numbers from fire and felling. Habitat destruction due to agricultural activities is also a threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||Not known to occur in Eucador’s protected areas network, but should be searched for in the Parque Nacional Podocarpus.|
|Citation:||Montúfar, R. & Pitman, N. 2003. Aiphanes verrucosa. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.|
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