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Calomyscus mystax

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA CALOMYSCIDAE

Scientific Name: Calomyscus mystax
Species Authority: Kashkarov, 1925
Common Name(s):
English Afghan Mouse-like Hamster, Great Balkhan Calomyscus

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Tsytsulina, K.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species has a fairly large extent of occurrence (>200,000 km2). It is abundant in suitable habitats, and at present there are no known major threats and populations are thought to be stable. Assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Distributed in S Turkmenia (Kopetdag, Great and Lesser Balkhan, south-western Badkhyz), Transcaucasia (south of Nakhichevan Republic), Northern Iran and possibly NW Afghanistan. In Transcaucasia found up to 1650 m, in Iran up to 3000 m. The distribution map shows the approximate distribution of the species, but that this needs verification.
Countries:
Native:
Azerbaijan; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Turkmenistan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Abundance depends on the local availability of suitable habitats. In areas with high number of shelters it is abundant, in less suitable habitats it is rare. There are no population fluctuations, and in suitable habitats it is always abundant. Population trend is stable (Malikov pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Inhabits rocky mountain steppe, especially cliff openings and rock deposits, including those with shrubs or rare cereal and wormwood vegetation. Also was found in juniper stang boscage. Lives in groups or solitarily. In summer active only at night, in spring and autumn also diurnal. Feeds mainly on seeds, also to a lesser extent on leaves and shoots of grasses and shrubs. In captivity they have occasionally been observed to consume insects, their larvae and small spiders. Reproduces from end of March till beginning of May. Litter size is usually 3-5, maximally up to 7. Some females have second litter at the beginning of summer.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occurs in some protected areas in Turkmenia.

Citation: Tsytsulina, K. 2008. Calomyscus mystax. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 December 2014.
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