Mesogyne insignis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Urticales Moraceae

Scientific Name: Mesogyne insignis
Species Authority: Engl.
Taxonomic Notes: The genus is monospecific.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-04-24
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Contributor(s): Bangirinama, F., Beentje, H.J., Bujo, F., Gereau, R., Kabuye, C., Kalema, J., Kelbessa, E., Kimeu, J.M., Luke, Q., Malombe, I., Manoko, L.M., Maunder, M., Minani, V., Mwachala, G., Mwangoka, M., Ndangalasi, H. & Sado, H.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Rodrigues, A.
This species is listed as Near Threatened given its relatively small area of occupancy and the doubt over the continued presence of this species in São Tomé and the conversion of some habitats in Tanzania for agriculture.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1998 Vulnerable (VU)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Found in the Usambara, Ngurus, Udzungwa and Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania and the island of São Tomé.  Last collected in 2008.  The bulk of the population is found in areas on the eastern Tanzanian mountains. Another subpopulation, which shows some morphological distinctness and was originally published under the name of M. henriquesii, occurs on the island of São Tomé.  There have been no records of Sao Tomé specimen despite rigorous surveys of the island. If it still occurs here, the population is likely small, and found in areas which were forest at the turn of the century but are now cultivated or secondary forest. 
Countries occurrence:
Sao Tomé and Principe (Sâo Tomé); Tanzania, United Republic of
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 269.611
Lower elevation limit (metres): 200
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1530
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No population size estimates are available for this species.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A shrub/tree reaching 15m.  Found in moist forests.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is found in a number of forest reserves that are currently in good condition.  In one locality in Tanzania, there has been forest clearance for cardamom cultivation that would effect a shrub/tree of this size.  There is also encroachment on the forest by agriculture in Nguru South Forest Reserve.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

Kwamngumi Forest Reserve, Kwezitu Village Forest Reserve, Shambangeda Village Forest Reserve, Magoroto Forest Reserve, Amani Nature Reserve, Nguru South Forest Reserve, Kanga Forest Reserve, Uluguru National Reserve, Milawilila Forest Reserve, Udzungwa Mountain National Park and West Kilombero Scarp Forest Reserve.

Citation: IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority. 2013. Mesogyne insignis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T35730A2860060. . Downloaded on 29 November 2015.
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