Strychnos mellodora 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Gentianales Loganiaceae

Scientific Name: Strychnos mellodora S. Moore

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-04-24
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C.
Contributor(s): Bangirinama, F., Beentje, H.J., Bujo, F., Gereau, R., Kabuye, C., Kalema, J., Kelbessa, E., Kimeu, J.M., Luke, Q., Malombe, I., Manoko, L.M., Maunder, M., Minani, V., Mwachala, G., Mwangoka, M., Ndangalasi, H. & Sado, H.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Rodrigues, A.
This species is well protected and does not seem to have any threats at present and is listed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Found in the Shimba Hills, Kenya; Mt. Meru, the Usumbara and Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania; Garuso forest, Mozambique; and the Chirinda forest, Zimbabwe. Despite the presence of large disjunctions in this species distribution, the current range was considered to be representative of its actual distribution given the size of the tree and the interest from foresters in the region.

It is likely that there are more collections that are misidentified as they are not using the current revision for this species.
Countries occurrence:
Kenya; Mozambique; Tanzania, United Republic of; Zimbabwe
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:69.8992
Lower elevation limit (metres):400
Upper elevation limit (metres):1950
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Although the species' range is from Kenya to Zimbabwe, it exists in small and restricted pockets of moist forest, which have declined in extent over the past few decades. It has been found only once in the Shimba Hills in Kenya. In Tanzania it is very scarce in the North Udzungwa Mts. In Zimbabwe, the species is confined to Chirinda forest, where there is a well-protected healthy population.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Tall parasitic tree using a wide range of hosts. Found in riverine and moist montane forest.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Despite the presence of cardamom cultivation the region, big trees such as Strychnos mellodora are not cut down. Threats are minimal although there may be threat from agriculture in lowland Kwamkuyo in the east Usambaras.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

Found in the Shimba Hills National Reserve, Arusha National Park, Amani Sigi National Reserve, West Kilombero Forest Reserve, Chirinda State Forest.

Trees are offered some protection by foresters.

Some deficiency of data with further study of existing herbarium material needed to clarify taxonomic issues.

Citation: IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority. 2013. Strychnos mellodora. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T34640A2853834. . Downloaded on 22 May 2018.
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