|Scientific Name:||Neuburgia alata (A.C.Sm.) A.C.Sm.|
Couthovia alata A.C.Sm.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Oldfield, S. & Keppel, G.|
|Contributor(s):||Cavu, S., Daveta, M., Masau, M., Rokocaucau, M., Thomas, N., Tikoca, S. & Young, E.|
Neuburgia alata is an endemic tree of the southeastern part of Viti Levu, Fiji. It is listed here as Endangered as the extent of occurrence (60 km2) and area of occupancy (16 km2) are small, it is known from only four locations, and there is continuing decline in its habitat as a result of agricultural and urban expansion and the habitat is impacted by invasive species (e.g. African Tulip).
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Neuburia alata occurs within a restricted area of southeast Viti Levu (Naitasiri, Rewa). The extent of occurrence is 60 km2 with four threat-defined locations.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information on the population size or trend.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species is found in dense primary or secondary forest from near sea level up to 400 m. This is a tree 3-6 m tall, infrequently noted as a shrub.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||The bark is known to be used as a herbal medicine.|
|Major Threat(s):||Since it is found at near sea level the main threats are loss of habitat to commercial agriculture and urban development. It may also be threatened by an invasive species (African Tulip).|
Two of the sites are within Forest Reserves namely Colo i Suva Forest Reserve and Mount Korobaba in Qoya Forest Reserve. There are no known ex situ collections.
The conservation recommendations include: i) ex situ collections including seed collections, ii) invasive species management (incl. African Tulip Spathodea campanulata, Piper spp.), and iii) awareness and engagement of land owners and regulatory authorities. Further research into the population size and trends, ecology and ecosystem services and propagation methods are needed.
|Citation:||Tutevu, I. 2016. Neuburgia alata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T34370A99515889.Downloaded on 20 October 2017.|
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