Warburgia salutaris 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Canellales Canellaceae

Scientific Name: Warburgia salutaris (G.Bertol.) Chiov.
Common Name(s):
English Pepper Bark Tree, Muranga
Chibaca salutaris G.Bertol.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A1acd ver 2.3
Year Published: 1998
Date Assessed: 1998-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Hilton-Taylor, C., Scott-Shaw, R., Burrows, J. & Hahn, N.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The pepperbark tree has a scattered distribution in southern Africa, occurring in savanna woodland and coastal forest in northern KwaZulu-Natal, Afromontane forest patches along the Drakensberg Escarpment in Mpumalanga and on the Soutpansberg and Blouberg ranges in the Northern Province. Elsewhere it is recorded from Afromontane forests in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe and from Afromontane and lowland forest patches in Swaziland and Mozambique. There are still large, relatively untouched subpopulations in the Northern Province. The precise northern distribution of the species and its relationship with closely related species in East Africa requires further investigation.
Countries occurrence:
Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga); Swaziland; Zimbabwe
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Occurs in savanna woodland, coastal forest and Afromontane forest. In KwaZulu-Natal, there is very little seed set and no seedlings have been reported; all plants seen have reproduced vegetatively. The reasons for this are unknown.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There has been some habitat loss due to agricultural activities, expansion of human habitation and logging for firewood and timber. The major direct threat to the species is the exploitation of its bark, stems and roots for use in traditional medicinal practices as a treatment of head and chest ailments and also to cure people who are bewitched. This has led to the near extinction of the species in KwaZulu-Natal, parts of Mpumalanga, Swaziland and Zimbabwe.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Plants have been reintroduced into two protected areas in KwaZulu-Natal. Although there are subpopulations within protected areas, it is difficult to prevent exploitation. A number of projects are under way to provide a cultivated form.

Citation: Hilton-Taylor, C., Scott-Shaw, R., Burrows, J. & Hahn, N. 1998. Warburgia salutaris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T30364A9541142. . Downloaded on 21 September 2018.
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