|Scientific Name:||Urothemis thomasi|
|Species Authority:||Longfield, 1932|
|Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:|
Urothemis signata thomasi Longfield, 1932
Urothemis thomasi aethiopica Schneider, 1988
|Taxonomic Notes:||Synonyms = Urothemis signata thomasi (Longfield, 1932). Also most probably Urothemis thomasi aethiopica Nielsen, 1957 (Schneider, 1988).
Genetic studies are in need for confirmation of the conspecificity of the Omanian (U. thomasi) and Somalian (U. t. aethiopica) populations.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered C2a(i) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Clausnitzer, V. & Suhling, F. (Odonata Red List Authority)|
This is a poorly known species, which has been reported from eight localities over an extent of occurrence of 164,000 km² in two distinct areas in south and northeast Oman. The area of occupancy in Oman is around 15,000 km². If Urothemis thomasi aethiopica is a synonym of Urothemis t. thomasi, the species range also extends up to Somalia in the African horn (only one old locality known), on an overall area of 226,000 km². As only one old locality has been reported in Somalia, the area of occupancy is virtually unchanged. According to the literature, only eight specimens have been so far collected in Oman and four from Somalia, even by local permanent collectors in Oman, so that the overall population size is suspected to be extremely low (intuitively, probably <2,000 with subpopulations <250). A future degradation of the habitat may be expected in this area due to climatic global changes and to human demography, which increased from a factor four in Oman between 1961 and 2003 and should reach now 3,000,000 of inhabitants (FAO, 2005 in http://en.wikipedia.org). A future decline of the species in Oman is therefore expected. "Urothemis thomasi aethiopica" has apparently not been recorded again since its description in 1957, neither from the type locality nor from another ones, so that this taxa, whatever its correct taxonomic status, is obviously very rare, restricted, localized or extinct. The EN status is recommended for both Urothemis t. thomasi and Urothemis thomasi aethiopica pooled together.
|Range Description:||Southeast Arabia in south and northeast Oman. Possibly ranges up to Somalia, if taxonomical changes occur.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Population size is most probably very low.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Springs and wadis.|
|Major Threat(s):||Use of water by humans (e.g., drainage, over irrigation, pollution). Drought.|
|Conservation Actions:||Perennial management of good quality waters is needed.|
|Citation:||Boudot, J.-P. 2006. Urothemis thomasi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.|
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