Ara tricolor


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Ara tricolor
Species Authority: Bechstein, 1811
Common Name(s):
English Cuban Macaw
Taxonomic Notes: Ara cubensis and A. tricolor (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) have been lumped into A. tricolor following AOU (1998).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Symes, A. & Butchart, S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Brooks, T., Khwaja, N. & Mahood, S.
This species was known from Cuba, but hunting drove the population Extinct. The last reports of the species date from 1885.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Ara tricolor was endemic to mainland Cuba, and probably also the Isle of Pines (Walters 1995, Olson and Suárez 2008). There is no evidence for the historical existence of the species, or any other macaw, on Hispaniola (Olson 2005), where it has been erroneously suggested to occur (Wetherbee 1985). The last specimen was collected in 1864 (Bangs and Zappey 1905), with the last reports in 1885 (Lack 1976). At least 19 specimens (Moreno 1992) and three fossils (Olson and Suárez 2008) of the species exist.

Regionally extinct:
Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabited forest, requiring trees with large holes for nesting purposes. It probably fed mainly on hard palm seeds (Olson and Suárez 2008).

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its extinction was caused by hunting for food and felling of nesting trees to capture young birds for pets (Forshaw and Cooper 1989).

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Ara tricolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
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