Emberiza cirlus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Emberiza cirlus
Species Authority: Linnaeus, 1766
Common Name(s):
English Cirl Bunting

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S.
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Austria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; France; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; Italy; Liechtenstein; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Montenegro; Morocco; Portugal; Romania; San Marino; Serbia (Serbia); Slovakia; Spain (Canary Is. - Vagrant); Switzerland; Tunisia; Turkey; United Kingdom
Regionally extinct:
New Zealand
Belgium; Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Ireland; Malta; Netherlands; Poland; Ukraine
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 2,000,000-5,200,000 breeding pairs, equating to 6,000,000-15,600,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004).
For further information about this species, see 22720888_emberiza_cirlus.pdf.
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Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Emberiza cirlus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 August 2015.
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