Dicaeum haematostictum 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Aves Passeriformes Dicaeidae

Scientific Name: Dicaeum haematostictum Sharpe, 1876
Common Name(s):
English Black-belted Flowerpecker, Visayan Flowerpecker
Taxonomic Source(s): del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Identification information: 10 cm. A tiny canopy-dwelling passerine. Black upperparts with blue gloss. White underparts, greyer on belly, with prominent black bar on upper breast and bright scarlet patch extending from the bar and continuing as line down centre of breast and belly. Longish, fine bill. Voice Song a series of thin, high-pitched, sweet notes. Call a thin seep interspersed with harder tup tup notes. Hints Sings from exposed perches and frequents fruiting berry trees.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2c+3c+4c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-10-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Contributor(s): Allen, D. & Bucol, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J., Westrip, J.
This species is listed as Vulnerable because its population is believed to have declined rapidly as a result of extensive forest clearance. It is projected that continued habitat loss will cause future rapid declines in its population and range.

Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Dicaeum haematostictum is endemic to the Western Visayas in the Philippines (Collar et al. 1999). Formerly widespread and common on Negros at least, it appears to have undergone a steep decline, with surprisingly few recorded during recent surveys, although it was reportedly abundant around Mt Talinis in 1991-1992, 2008-2010 and was recorded at Simpang Forest, Sipalay in 2005 (J. Hornbuckle per A. Bucol in litt. 2007, A. Bucol in litt. 2016), with records from multiple sites in 2011 (per D. Allen in litt. 2012). Its status on Panay is unclear. Despite a number of recent records, no birds were recorded from Mt Madja-as during a month of fieldwork in 1991. It is presumed extinct on Guimaras, although this requires verification.

Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):Yes
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):NoEstimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:41100
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):YesExtreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):No
Number of Locations:6-10Continuing decline in number of locations:Yes
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:No
Upper elevation limit (metres):1250
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 10,000-19,999 individuals. This equates to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.

Trend Justification:  A rapid and on-going population decline is suspected to be taking place, owing to the rapid loss and degradation of forest habitats, although this species's apparent tolerance of moderate levels of habitat disturbance suggests that declines may not be drastic.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:6000-15000Continuing decline of mature individuals:Yes
Extreme fluctuations:NoPopulation severely fragmented:Yes
No. of subpopulations:2-100Continuing decline in subpopulations:Yes
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:NoAll individuals in one subpopulation:No
No. of individuals in largest subpopulation:1-89

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs in a variety of habitats in the lowlands and hills, up to 1,250 m on Mt Talinis (A. Bucol in litt. 2007) but generally below 1,000 m in other areas. These include primary and secondary forests, heavily degraded forest, scrubby habitats and even gardens, where it frequents fruiting or flowering trees.

Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes
Generation Length (years):2.4
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Chronic deforestation has led to its presumed extinction on Guimaras and its decline on Negros; however, its ability to tolerate substantial habitat modification may alleviate the overall level of threat posed.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
There are recent records from Bulabong Puti-an and the tiny (0.5 km2) Sampunong Bolo National Parks on Panay, Mt Canlaon Natural Park and the North Negros Forest Reserve, which receives only nominal protection. It has also been recorded in the Mt Talinis/Twin Lakes area, where conservation actions have been initiated (A. Bucol in litt. 2016). For example, the Balinsasayao-Danao Twin Lakes Natural Park now has a protected area management board (PAMB) which is composed of representatives from the government (Department of Environment & Natural Resources and local government units) as well as people’s organizations (A. Bucol in litt. 2016).

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct further surveys, particularly on Panay and Guimaras, to assess its status and identify additional appropriate areas for protection. Gazette further areas of forest for protection, following surveys to identify key populations. Promote more effective protection of the North Negros Forest Reserve and other remaining lowland forest tracts in the Western Visayas.

Amended [top]

Amended reason: Edited Geographic Range and Conservation Actions Information text. Added a Facilitator/Compiler.

Citation: BirdLife International. 2017. Dicaeum haematostictum (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22717510A110142228. . Downloaded on 24 May 2018.
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