Myadestes elisabeth 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Aves Passeriformes Turdidae

Scientific Name: Myadestes elisabeth
Species Authority: (Lembeye, 1850)
Common Name(s):
English Cuban Solitaire

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Symes, A. & Butchart, S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Capper, D., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it has a moderately small population and occupies a small range in which rates of habitat degradation and loss are likely to be causing a decline. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Previously published Red List assessments:
2008 Near Threatened (NT)
2004 Near Threatened (NT)
2000 Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt)
1994 Lower Risk/near threatened (LR/nt)
1988 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Myadestes elisabeth is locally quite common on Cuba. In west Cuba, it is found only in Sierra de los Organos, Sierra del Rosario and Sierra de la Güira but is more widely distributed in the east. The race elisabeth, endemic to the Isle of Youth, was driven to extinction in the 1930s (Raffaele et al. 1998, del Hoyo et al. 2005).

Countries occurrence:
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): Yes
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2: 8500
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO): Yes
Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO): No
Continuing decline in number of locations: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: No
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2000
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend Justification:  There are no data; however, the species is thought to be in decline owing to habitat loss.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals: Unknown Continuing decline of mature individuals: Yes
Extreme fluctuations: No Population severely fragmented: No
Continuing decline in subpopulations: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations: No All individuals in one subpopulation: No
No. of individuals in largest subpopulation: 100

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is found in dense montane humid forest and nests on steep limestone cliffs and in tree cavities shielded by bromeliads (Wells and Mitchell 1995, Raffaele et al. 1998, Garrido and Kirkconnell 2000).

Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes
Generation Length (years): 4.5
Movement patterns: Not a Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Throughout much of its range, forest is under conversion to cultivation and pasture, and there has been a recent expansion of cacao, coffee and tobacco production (Dinerstein et al. 1995). However, habitat in the population stronghold of Pinar del Rio province is considered relatively secure (Wells and Mitchell 1995, Raffaele et al. 1998).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect forest in its stronghold of Pinar del Rio province. Discourage the conversion of native forest to cash-crops. Monitor the population.

Citation: BirdLife International. 2012. Myadestes elisabeth. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22708593A39731939. . Downloaded on 29 May 2016.
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