Sphecotheres hypoleucus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Sphecotheres hypoleucus
Species Authority: Finsch, 1898
Common Name(s):
English Wetar Figbird

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Khwaja, N., Taylor, J.
This species is restricted to a single very small island, and is likely to have a moderately small global population. It is suspected to have declined as a result of habitat loss, although these declines may have been minor as this species is thought to be tolerant of secondary habitats. It is therefore considered Near Threatened. However, recent estimates suggest the population size may be greater than was previously thought. If this is confirmed, the species's status will warrant downlisting to Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Sphecotheres hypoleucus is restricted to Wetar, Indonesia. Although "never abundant", it was recorded at most forest sites in a recent survey of the island (Trainor et al. 2009).

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This is a poorly known species and no population estimates are available.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in most forest types, preferring the forest edge and dry forest. It feeds mainly on figs (Trainor et al. 2009).

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Extensive forest remains on Wetar, but deforestation may have increased in recent decades, with illegal logging and gold and copper mining operations threatening to affect remaining habitats, as well as on-going pressure from agriculture and road building (Trainor et al. 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct repeated surveys within its range to determine current distribution and abundance, as well as assess population trends and rates of habitat loss. Conduct ecological studies to improve understanding of its precise habitat requirements, tolerance of secondary habitats and response to fragmentation. Campaign for the protection of remaining tracts of lowland woodland on Wetar.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Sphecotheres hypoleucus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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