Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name(s):
English Red-billed Chough, Chough
French Crave à bec rouge

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S.
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Armenia (Armenia); Azerbaijan; Bhutan; China; Ethiopia; France; Georgia; Greece; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Mongolia; Montenegro; Morocco; Nepal; Pakistan; Portugal; Russian Federation; Serbia (Serbia); Spain (Canary Is.); Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Turkey; Turkmenistan; United Kingdom; Uzbekistan
Possibly extinct:
Regionally extinct:
Slovenia; Tunisia
Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Egypt; Germany; Gibraltar; Hungary; Korea, Republic of; Slovakia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 43,000-110,000 breeding pairs, equating to 129,000-330,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 263,000-1,320,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population in China has been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).
For further information about this species, see 22705916_pyrrhocorax_pyrrhocorax.pdf.
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Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial; Marine

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 September 2015.
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