|Scientific Name:||Vireo osburni|
|Species Authority:||(Sclater, 1861)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Capper, D., Mahood, S., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Wege, D.|
This species is classified as Near Threatened because forest within its small range is being lost through clearance for agriculture. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.
|Range Description:||Vireo osburni is endemic to Jamaica where it is uncommon; however it occurs singly and is secretive, so may conversely be largely overlooked (BirdLife Jamaica in litt. 1998). It occurs widely in upland forest, such as in the Blue and John Crow Mountains, Cockpit Country and Mt. Diablo (Downer and Sutton 1990, Stattersfield et al. 1998).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It inhabits wet limestone and montane forests at 500-2,200 m.|
|Major Threat(s):||Widespread habitat destruction has resulted in significant range contractions, but it has been found in upland woods and coffee plantations, suggesting some tolerance of habitat degradation (Bond 1984, Haynes et al. 1989). Habitat loss has been primarily caused by the establishment of plantations (mostly coffee and Caribbean pine Pinus caribaea), small-scale farming and clearance for development (Dinerstein et al. 1995).|
Conservation Actions Underway
It occurs in a number of protected areas. Conservation Actions Proposed
Effectively protect national parks and other protected areas. Create a national park in Cockpit Country. Encourage coffee farming practices which allow the persistence of the species. Effectively monitor key populations.
|Citation:||BirdLife International 2012. Vireo osburni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 August 2014.|
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