Moho nobilis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Aves Passeriformes Mohoidae

Scientific Name: Moho nobilis (Merrem, 1786)
Common Name(s):
English Hawaii Oo, Hawai'i 'O'o
Taxonomic Source(s): Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-10-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S., Martin, R
This species was known from the Hawaiian island of Lana'i, USA, but it was last recorded in 1934 and is now Extinct. Habitat destruction and introduced disease were probably the major causes.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Moho nobilis was only found in forest on the Big Island of Hawai`i, USA (Pratt et al. 1987). It was last collected in 1898 and last seen in 1934 (Munro 1944).

Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
United States (Hawaiian Is.)
Additional data:
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):NoEstimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):UnknownExtreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):No
Continuing decline in number of locations:Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:No
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:None remain.
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Unknown
Extreme fluctuations:NoPopulation severely fragmented:No
Continuing decline in subpopulations:Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:NoAll individuals in one subpopulation:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It was found in moist montane forest.

Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Unknown
Generation Length (years):5.8
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its decline to extinction was presumably caused by both habitat destruction and disease. While it has been shown that the feathers of this species were used in early Hawaiian ornaments, it is thought that collection played only a minor role in its extinction relative to other factors (Amante-Helweg and Conant 2009).

Citation: BirdLife International. 2016. Moho nobilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22704342A93964244. . Downloaded on 25 June 2018.
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