Hypotaenidia philippensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Hypotaenidia philippensis
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1766)
Common Name(s):
English Buff-banded Rail, Banded Land-Rail, Banded Rail, Sharpe's Rail
French Râle tiklin
Gallirallus philippensis (Linnaeus, 1766)
Gallirallus sharpei (Buttikofer, 1893)
Rallus philippensis Turbott (1990)
Taxonomic Notes: Hypotaenidia philippensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Gallirallus.

Gallirallus sharpei
 (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) is now considered a colour morph of Buff-banded Rail H. philippensis based on unpublished genetic work (R. W. R. J. Dekker in litt. 2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J. & Khwaja, N.
This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size may be moderately small to large, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Hypotaenidia philippensis has a distribution spanning much of Indomalaya, Australasia and Oceania. It occurs in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia), the Philippines, Indonesia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Australia, Norfolk Island (to Australia), New Zealand, New Caledonia (to France), Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa and Niue (to New Zealand) (del Hoyo et al. 1996). The subspecies macquariensis, of Australia's Macquarie Island, went extinct in the late 1800s (Hamilton 1894).
American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Fiji; Indonesia; New Zealand; Niue; Norfolk Island; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Timor-Leste; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater; Marine

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Hypotaenidia philippensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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