Rallina canningi


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Rallina canningi
Species Authority: (Blyth, 1863)
Common Name(s):
English Andaman Crake

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Contributor(s): Hornbuckle, J. & Li, Z.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Davidson, P., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S., Peet, N., Taylor, J., Tobias, J.
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it has a very small range, in which its habitat is declining but is not severely fragmented, and a moderately small population which is thought to be declining owing to heavy trapping pressure and habitat loss and degradation.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Rallina canningi is endemic to the Andaman Islands, in the Bay of Bengal, India, where it is known from North, Middle and South Andaman and may occur on other islands. Formerly considered very common based on high trapping rates, there were very few recent records until survey work in 2004 found it to be fairly common in suitable habitat (Ezhilarasi and Vijayan 2008).

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population is estimated to number 10,000-25,000 individuals in total, roughly equivalent to 6,700-17,000 mature individuals.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is resident in marshes and along streams within or at the edge of forest, and occasionally mangroves, favouring dense vegetation including tangled thickets of rattan and pandanus.

Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is known to be under heavy trapping pressure, and may also be declining as a result of increasing habitat destruction and degradation through forest clearance for settlements, cultivation, road construction, and other infrastructural projects. Introduced predators are another potential threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
It is known from Chidiyatapu Biological Park.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys throughout its range to determine its current population size. Asses the extent and impact of habitat loss on populations. Quantify the impact of trapping on populations. Regulate trapping if appropriate. Protect large areas of suitable habitat at key sites, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Rallina canningi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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