Caprimulgus pulchellus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Caprimulgus pulchellus
Species Authority: Salvadori, 1879
Common Name(s):
English Salvadori's Nightjar

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Bird, J., Taylor, J.
This species is listed as Near Threatened because there are some indications that it has a moderately small population that may be undergoing a continuing decline owing to forest loss. However, little is currently known about the species's population size and structure, and the impact of threats, thus further research is warranted.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Caprimulgus pulchellus is restricted to Sumatra (South Barisan Mountains) and Java, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). It is likely to be moderately secure in small numbers at higher elevations, but losing habitat and populations at lower levels where encroachment is occurring.

Indonesia (Jawa, Sumatera)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is assumed to have a moderately small population because the area of available habitat is not large and it is not common within its range. It is placed in the band 10,000-19,999 individuals, equating to 6,667-13,333 mature individuals, rounded here to 6,000-15,000 mature individuals.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in montane forest at 1,350-2,200 m, but perhaps lower on Java, at 800-1,800 m (Holyoak 2001).

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat encroachment at lower elevations is a threat, with logging and agricultural expansion continuing.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
None are known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect montane forests and ensure that they are not encroached upon in future. Estimate rates of forest loss and the total area remaining to improve the assessment of this species's status.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Caprimulgus pulchellus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.
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