Pyrilia caica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pyrilia caica
Species Authority: (Latham, 1790)
Common Name(s):
English Caica Parrot
Gypopsitta caica BirdLife International (2008)
Pionopsitta caica BirdLife International (2004)
Pionopsitta caica Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)
Pionopsitta caica Stotz et al. (1996)
Taxonomic Notes: Use of the genus Pyrilia follows SACC (2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Taylor, J. & Butchart, S.
Contributor(s): Lees, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J., Khwaja, N., Symes, A.

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin, and its susceptibility to hunting, it is suspected that the population of this species will decline by 25-30% over the next three generations, and it has therefore been uplisted to Near Threatened.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Pyrilia caica is widespread in northern South America, although not really numerous in any parts of its range (Restall et al. 2006). In east Venezuela it is generally uncommon and has a very local distribution (del Hoyo et al. 1997, Hilty 2003). It occurs from there through Guyana (del Hoyo et al. 1997). It is scarce throughout Suriname, but common in small numbers in interior French Guiana (Restall et al. 2006). The species's range reaches north Brazil, where it extends south as far as the Amazon (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Brazil; French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'uncommon' (Stotz et al. 1996).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is restricted to tall, primary "terra firme" forest (with no flooding), up to 1,100 m (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

The primary threat to this species is accelerating deforestation in the Amazon basin as land is cleared for cattle ranching and soy production, facilitated by expansion of the road network (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is also susceptible to hunting (A. Lees in litt. 2011). Proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land a private landowner is legally required to maintain as forest (including, critically, a reduction in the width of forest buffers alongside perennial steams) and include an amnesty for landowners who deforested before July 2008 (who would subsequently be absolved of the need to reforest illegally cleared land) (Bird et al. 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed

Expand the protected area network to effectively protect IBAs. Effectively resource and manage existing and new protected areas, utilising emerging opportunities to finance protected area management with the joint aims of reducing carbon emissions and maximizing biodiversity conservation. Conservation on private lands, through expanding market pressures for sound land management and preventing forest clearance on lands unsuitable for agriculture, is also essential (Soares-Filho et al. 2006). Campaign against proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code that would lead to a decrease in the width of the areas of riverine forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), which function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Pyrilia caica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 05 September 2015.
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