Pionites leucogaster


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pionites leucogaster
Species Authority: (Kuhl, 1820)
Common Name/s:
English White-bellied Parrot

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A3c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor/s: BirdLife International
Reviewer/s: Taylor, J. & Butchart, S.
Contributor/s: Lees, A.
Facilitator/s: Butchart, S., Ekstrom, J., Khwaja, N., Symes, A.

Based on a model of future deforestation in the Amazon basin, and its potential susceptibility to hunting, it is suspected that the population of this species will decline rapidly over the next three generations, and it has therefore been uplisted to Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Pionites leucogaster is a polytypic Amazonian species. It is common across most of its range. Subspecies xanthomeria is abundant in parts of east Peru, and is present in Manu National Park. It also occurs in north Bolivia, although it may have been extirpated from Santa Cruz as a result of habitat destruction. This taxon's range extends as far as west Brazil. Subspecies xanthurus occurs in Brazil, from Rio Purús and Rio Juruá to Rio Madeira. The nominate subspecies leucogaster of north Brazil is distributed from Rio Madeira to Maranhão (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs along watercourses in lowland tropical rainforest. It preferentially occurs in "várzea" (seasonally flooded forest), although it is also found in "terra firme" forest (with no flooding). In the east of its range it is known to breed in January; the nest is made in a tree hollow c.30 m above the ground (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The primary threat to this species is accelerating rates of deforestation in the Amazon basin (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). Despite being common in undisturbed landscapes, it is not thought to be tolerant of secondary forest or agropastoral land and appears restricted to alluvial habitats. It may also be susceptible to hunting (A. Lees in litt. 2011). Proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code reduce the percentage of land a private landowner is legally required to maintain as forest (including, critically, a reduction in the width of forest buffers alongside perennial steams) and include an amnesty for landowners who deforested before July 2008 (who would subsequently be absolved of the need to reforest illegally cleared land) (Bird et al. 2011).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed

Expand the protected area network to effectively protect IBAs. Effectively resource and manage existing and new protected areas, utilising emerging opportunities to finance protected area management with the joint aims of reducing carbon emissions and maximizing biodiversity conservation. Conservation on private lands, through expanding market pressures for sound land management and preventing forest clearance on lands unsuitable for agriculture, is also essential (Soares-Filho et al. 2006). Campaign against proposed changes to the Brazilian Forest Code that would lead to a decrease in the width of the areas of riverine forest protected as Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs), which function as vital corridors in fragmented landscapes.
Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Pionites leucogaster. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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