Loriculus exilis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Loriculus exilis
Species Authority: Schlegel, 1866
Common Name(s):
English Pygmy Hanging-parrot, Red-billed Hanging-Parrot, Pygmy Hanging Parrot
Spanish Lorículo Exiguo

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2012-05-01
Assessor(s): BirdLife International
Reviewer(s): Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.
Perhaps greatly overlooked, but almost certainly genuinely scarce, this tiny parrot is restricted to lowland forest so must undoubtedly be declining at least moderately rapidly owing to habitat loss and degradation. It is therefore classified as Near Threatened.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Loriculus exilis is restricted to Sulawesi, Indonesia, where although it is clearly inconspicuous and easily overlooked, records are so few that it is characterised as generally very uncommon and local (BirdLife International 2001).

Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as uncommon to rare (del Hoyo et al. 1997).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits primary lowland and hill forest and mangroves up to 1,200 m.

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is apparently nomadic, so that the extensive forest destruction within its elevation range in recent decades may have caused a decline in its population. There was, at least formerly, limited trapping for the bird trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions Underway
CITES Appendix II.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess population size. Regularly monitor at certain sites throughout its range to determine population trends. Attempt to make sense of population and trend data by studying the species's movements. Protect significant areas of primary lowland forest across its range.

Citation: BirdLife International 2012. Loriculus exilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 03 September 2015.
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