||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.
||Eunymphicus cornutus (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) has been split into E. cornutus and E. uvaeensis following Juniper and Parr (1998).
||32 cm. Largely green, crested parakeet with yellower underparts and nape, bluish wings and tail, and black-and-red face mask. Two wispy, red-tipped, black crest feathers. Similar spp. New Caledonian Parakeet Cyanoramphus saisseti has no crest and different head pattern, lacking black and yellow. Voice Often located by nasal kho-khoot contact call. Also range of shrieks and chuckles. Hints Most easily seen in the Grandes Fougères Park near Farino.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Barré, N., Chartendrault, V., Dutson, G., Ekstrom, J., Létocart, Y., Meresse, C., Meriot, J., Robinet, O., Spaggiari, J., Thiollay, J., Theuerkauf, J. & Legault, A.
||Derhé, M., Dutson, G., Ekstrom, J., Harding, M., Mahood, S., Stattersfield, A., Symes, A.
This species qualifies as Vulnerable as, although recent surveys indicate that there are likely to be over 5,000 mature individuals, the total population remains small, and is restricted to a single subpopulation which is suspected to have declined owing to habitat degradation.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2012 – Vulnerable (VU) –
- 2009 – Vulnerable (VU) –
- 2008 – Endangered (EN) –
- 2004 – Endangered (EN) –
- 2000 – Endangered (EN) –
- 1996 – Vulnerable (VU) –
- 1994 – Not Recognized (NR) –
- 1988 – Not Recognized (NR) –
|Range Description:||Eunymphicus cornutus is endemic to New Caledonia (to France). It appears to have declined since the 1880s when it was reported from all forested areas, and it has considerably reduced its range on Mt Panié (now being restricted to the north-western part of the Panié massif [Ekstrom et al. 2000, J. Theuerkauf in litt. 2012]). Its numbers and trends were poorly known and until 2003-2006 there were only two independent population estimates of 1,000-3,000 birds (Ekstrom et al. 2000) and 720 pairs (N. Barré in litt. 1999) respectively. A recent study using distance sampling density data, records, and ecological niche modelling indicates that the species has a wider distribution and is more common than previously believed (Legault et al. in press). A rough estimate produced from this study indicates that the population may number 8,000-9,000 individuals (Legault et al. in press), roughly equating to at least 5,000 mature individuals (V. Chartendault in litt. 2007). During the 2003-2006 surveys, the species was recorded from the Ignambi massif in the north to the various massifs of the Grand Sud in the south. It was recorded on 57 % of the massifs in the northern province and 42 % of the massifs in the southern province. It is absent from the Ile des Pins. It is locally common in the centre part of the "chaîne" (Mé Maoya Massif, Moindou-Farino area, Poindimié-Ponérihouen area) (Chartendrault and Barre 2005, 2006, Legault et al. 2011). Numbers have remained stable in Rivière Bleue in the last 20 years (Y. Létocart in litt. 1999). |
|♦ Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):||Yes|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):||No||♦ Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:||690|
|♦ Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):||Unknown||♦ Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):||No|
|♦ Number of Locations:||6-10||♦ Continuing decline in number of locations:||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:||No|
|♦ Upper elevation limit (metres):||1500|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Legault et al. (in press) estimated the population to number c.8,000-9,000 individuals, equivalent to 5,333-6,000 mature individuals, rounded here to 5,300-6,000 mature individuals.|
Trend Justification: It is suspected to have undergone a slow decline over the past three generations (20 years) owing to habitat degradation and perhaps also predation by invasive species.
|Current Population Trend:||Increasing|
|♦ Number of mature individuals:||5300-6000||♦ Continuing decline of mature individuals:||Yes|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations:||No||♦ Population severely fragmented:||No|
|♦ No. of subpopulations:||1||♦ Continuing decline in subpopulations:||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:||No||♦ All individuals in one subpopulation:||Yes|
|♦ No. of individuals in largest subpopulation:||100|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is patchily distributed in rainforest to 1,500 m, but it also ranges in the valleys and into savannas, low-stature forest and scrub in maquis and high mountains (M. Thiollay in litt. 1999, Ekstrom et al. 2000, Ekstrom et al. 2002, Chartendrault and Barre 2005, 2006). Selects rainforest, particularly in valleys (Legault et al. 2011, Legault et al. in press). Pairs or small flocks (family flocks in April-June) feed in the canopy, largely on seeds and nuts (Ekstrom et al. 2000). Nests are sometimes on the ground, including under rocks and in fallen tree-trunks (Hannecart and Létocart 1983, O. Robinet in litt. 1999, Dutson 2011), and it has been recorded nesting in tree holes (J. M. Meriot verbally 2003). It may migrate seasonally to foraging grounds during the austral winter (June-September) (Chartendrault and Barre 2005, 2006). Birds have been seen crossing scrub between forest blocks, and it is not believed to be fragmented into distinct subpopulations (Y. Létocart in litt. 1999, Ekstrom et al. 2000). Birds have been seen in large groups, feeding in savannah (V. Chartendault in litt. 2007). and the species is seen every year in the valleys, feeding in close proximity to rural dwellings and in open areas. Nest sharing has been reported in this species (Theuerkauf et al. 2009).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Generation Length (years):||6.6|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|