||Charmosyna amabilis (Ramsay, 1875)
||del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
||18 cm. Green lorikeet with fluttering flight. Entirely green but for red cheeks, throat and thighs. Red throat bordered with yellow. Mustard-yellow undertail and tail tips. Sexes similar, immature birds duller. Similar spp. Easily confused with Collared Lory Phigys solitarius which is considerably larger and has black cap and red on the back. Voice High-pitched squeaks uttered whilst feeding or in flight. Hints Search any flowering tree in remote forest areas, such as Mt Tomaniivi on Viti Levu.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
||Allport, G., Dutson, G., Hayman, P., Kretzschmar, J., Masibalavu, V., O'Brien, M., Swinnerton, K. & Watling, D.
||Benstead, P., Bird, J., Butchart, S., Derhé, M., O'Brien, A., Shutes, S., Stattersfield, A., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Temple, H.
This species qualifies as Critically Endangered because the lack of recent records, despite considerable survey effort, suggests it has a tiny population which is presumably continuing to decline as a result of predation from introduced rats and loss of habitat.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2015 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 2012 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 2010 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 2009 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 2008 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 2006 – Critically Endangered (CR)
- 2004 – Endangered (EN)
- 2000 – Endangered (EN)
- 1996 – Vulnerable (VU)
- 1994 – Vulnerable (VU)
- 1988 – Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
|Range Description:||Charmosyna amabilis occured on the islands of Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Taveuni and Ovalau, Fiji. It has always been regarded as a rare species although 10 specimens were collected during a one-month visit in 1925 (Swinnerton and Maljkovic 2002). There are unconfirmed records from the 1980s and 1990s from lowland areas of Ovalau, upland Taveuni and from the Natewa peninsula on Vanua Levu, but no confirmed records (specimens, photographs or observations by those familiar with the species) exist from Taveuni or Ovalau since 1965 (Watling 2013). The last record by observers familiar with this species was in 1993, but one sighting at Mt Tomaniivi (=Mt Victoria) on Viti Levu in 2002 is supported by detailed field notes (P. Hayman in litt. 2004). Nearly all recent records on Viti Levu have been in the Mt Tomaniivi area (Watling 2000), but two birds were reported in the Nausori Highlands in 1998 (G. Allport in litt. 2000). Between 2001 and 2012, experienced ornithologists undertook 2096 hours of either focused searches for the species or general forest bird surveys, without a successful sighting (Watling 2013). This included 373 man-hours of observations on Taveuni and in the central Monasavu highlands (Swinnerton and Maljkovic 2002), 498 hours of targeted forest surveys on all four islands between 2002-2005 (Masibaluvu & Dutson 2006), 91 hours of dedicated surveys over 10 days in 2008 in the Monasavu and Mt Tomaniivi areas (Masibalavu & Mucklow 2008), and over 810 hours of searching in the upland Nadarivatu-Nadrau-Monasavu area of central Viti Levu, and in the Wainavadu catchment, one of the least disturbed catchments in Viti Levu (Watling 2013). All surveys failed to find birds. While the species could be overlooked even by experienced observers, the failure of further surveys to detect this species in recent years indicates that it is extremely rare, and serious consideration should be given to its extirpation from Viti Levu. No conclusion on the species status on Taveuni, Vanua Levu and Ovalau can be reached due to insufficient surveys on those islands (Watling 2013).|
|♦ Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):||No||♦ Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:||37100|
|♦ Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):||Unknown||♦ Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):||No|
|♦ Number of Locations:||2-5||♦ Continuing decline in number of locations:||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:||No||♦ Lower elevation limit (metres):||120|
|♦ Upper elevation limit (metres):||1000|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|