Trogopterus xanthipes 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Sciuridae

Scientific Name: Trogopterus xanthipes (Milne-Edwards, 1867)
Common Name(s):
English Complex-toothed Flying Squirrel

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-02-24
Assessor(s): Johnston, C. & Smith, A.T.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Kennerley, R.
This species is assessed as Near Threatened because the population is declining at a rate suspected to close to 30% over the last 12 years (three generations) because of habitat loss and over-harvesting for food and traditional Chinese medicine. The species is close to qualifying for Vulnerable under criterion A2cd.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is an endemic of China (Smith and Xie 2008). It has a widespread distribution across much of central China (Smith and Xie 2008), including Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Gansu, Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hebei, Liaoning, Beijing, Hubei, and Qinghai. It occurs at elevations ranging from 1,360-2,750 m asl (Wang 1998).
Countries occurrence:
China (Beijing, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tibet [or Xizang], Yunnan)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1360
Upper elevation limit (metres):2750
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There are no current data regarding the population status of this species, but it is inferred that the population is declining as a result of habitat loss, hunting and capturing.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species occupies temperate forests of oak and pine (Thorington et al. 2012) and nests in caves (Smith and Xie 2008).

Diet primarily consists of oak leaves (Smith and Xie 2008). It is a nocturnal species (Smith and Xie 2008). Sexual maturity is reached at 22 months, litter sizes range from one to four, and gestation is 78-89 days (Smith and Xie 2008).
Generation Length (years):4.1

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is harvested for food and its fecal matter is used in traditional Chinese medicine.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threats to this species include hunting/capturing (Wang 1998), habitat loss, logging, and tree plantations (Thorington et al. 2012).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in Chishuisuoluo, Leigongshan, Xishuizhongyaredaisenlin, Jiyuanmihou, Jigongshan (Xinyang), Shennongjia, Houhe, Taibaishan, Foping, Wanglang, Wolong, Jinfoshan, Changshanerhai, Wawushan (CSIS 2008), and Jiuzhaigou National Nature Reserves (Liu et al. 2005) and it is probably present in other protected areas. Further studies are needed into the abundance of this species. In China, it has been regionally Red Listed as Vulnerable A1cd (Wang and Xie 2004).

Citation: Johnston, C. & Smith, A.T. 2016. Trogopterus xanthipes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22297A22271122. . Downloaded on 26 September 2017.
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