Tomistoma schlegelii


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Tomistoma schlegelii
Species Authority: (Müller, 1838)
Common Name/s:
English False Gharial, Tomistoma, Sunda Gharial, Malayan Gharial
French Faux gavial malais
Spanish Falso Gavial Malayo
Crocodilus schlegelii Müller, 1838

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered C1 ver 2.3
Year Published: 2000
Date Assessed: 2000-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor/s: Crocodile Specialist Group
Unconfirmed reports from Vietnam and Sulawesi. Widespread though at low densities. From current information available from 39 different localities in ten different river drainages the population is estimated at below 2,500 mature individuals.
1996 Data Deficient (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Data Deficient
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1988 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Data gathered between 1994 and 1998 indicates that T. schlegelii is widespread, although at a low density, throughout large areas of Sumatera, Kalimantan, and Sarawak, and still persists in peninsular Malaysia. Current information and sightings are now available from 39 localities in 10 different river drainages. Sebastian (1994) notes an additional three drainages in Borneo where the species is reported.
Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak)
Regionally extinct:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: A total population estimate is not possible but an estimate of below 2,500 mature adults was agreed by a consensus of active researchers as a cautious figure.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Swamps, rivers and lakes. Terrestial nest sites and basking areas.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed on CITES Appendix I.
Citation: Crocodile Specialist Group 2000. Tomistoma schlegelii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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