Tamias canipes 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Sciuridae

Scientific Name: Tamias canipes
Species Authority: (V. Bailey, 1902)
Common Name(s):
English Gray-footed Chipmunk
Taxonomic Source(s): Patterson, B.D. and Norris, R.W. 2016. Towards a uniform nomenclature for ground squirrels: the status of the Holarctic chipmunks. Mammalia 80(3): 241–251.
Taxonomic Notes: This species formerly was regarded as a subspecies of T. cinereicollis; it was elevated to species status by Fleharty (1960) and regarded as such by Jones et al. (1992), Hoffmann et al. (in Wilson and Reeder 1993), Baker et al. (2003) and Thorington and Hoffmann (in Wilson and Reeder 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Linzey, A.V. & NatureServe (Clausen, M.K. & Hammerson, G.)
Reviewer(s): Amori, G., Koprowski, J. & Roth, L. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority)
Listed as Least Concern, although the species has a limited, patchy distribution, its extent of occurrence is around 20,000 km², it appears to be common, and there are no major threats at present.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The species' range includes the Gallinas, Sacramento, Jicarilla, Capitan, White (= Sierra Blanca), and Guadalupe mountains, Sierra Diablo, and Carrizozo Malpais lava flow in the Tularosa Valley in southeastern New Mexico and southwestern Texas in the United States (Best et al. 1992, Frey 2004, Schmidly 2004). In Texas, this species occurs at elevations of 1,800-2,500 m asl (Schmidly 2004). The elevational range in New Mexico extends as low as about 1,600 m asl and as high as around 3,600 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
United States (New Mexico, Texas)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1600
Upper elevation limit (metres):3600
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species can be locally abundant within a restricted range. The total adult population size is unknown but probably exceeds 100,000. Except for Peromyscus, this is the most common mammal in the Guadalupe Mountains.
This species occurs in dozens of locations in several mountain ranges (Schmidly 2004). Trend of population is unknown, but existing information does not indicate a decline. Extent of occurrence, area of occupancy, number of subpopulations, and population size probably have not declined much if at all.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Primarily forest-dwelling and found on rocky slopes with cover provided by rocks, shrubs, or trees. Habitats include coniferous forests (spruce, fir, Douglas-fir), dense mixed oak/pine/fir forests, pinyon-juniper woodland, and brushy hillsides with rocky crevices. In Texas, gray-footed chipmunks occur only in higher-elevation forests and brushy hillsides (Schmidly 2004). These chipmunks are most numerous among or near the cover of logs and rocks, etc. They climb and perch on logs, rocks, cliffs, and woody plants. Nests often are in cavities of downed timber; sometimes underground among roots of decaying stumps (see Best et al. 1992).

Young are born apparently from mid-May through August. Diet includes acorns, seeds, mushrooms, small fruits, some herbaceous vegetation and insects. Known to feed on Douglas-fir seed. Climbs into oaks to collect acorns. Relatively inactive in winter, especially when snow is deep.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Small populations may be vulnerable to massive fires (Schmidly 2004), but no major threats have been identified.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: In New Mexico, this species occurs on Lincoln National Forest, McGregor Range, and Carlsbad Caverns National Park. In Texas, habitat is protected in the Guadalupe Mountains National Park.

Citation: Linzey, A.V. & NatureServe (Clausen, M.K. & Hammerson, G.). 2008. Tamias canipes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T21364A9276032. . Downloaded on 26 August 2016.
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