Barbourisia rufa 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Cetomimiformes Barbourisiidae

Scientific Name: Barbourisia rufa Parr, 1945
Common Name(s):
English Redvelvet Whalefish, Red Whalefish

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2014-07-07
Assessor(s): Harold, A.
Reviewer(s): Corley, B. & Polidoro, B.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Polidoro, B.
Barbourisia rufa is circumglobally distributed. It is a deep-dwelling, uncommon species that has no major threats. This species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Barbourisia rufa can be found from 25° to 35°S off western South Africa and circumglobally, in the Atlantic from 65°N to 35°S, the Indian Ocean from 5° to 20°S, and the Pacific from 50°N to 50°S (Paxton in press, Bianchi et al. 1999). Juveniles are mesopelagic and adults are often benthopelagic (deeper than 1,000 m; Moore in press). Barbourisia rufa is distributed from 300-2,000 m depth off of Africa from the Canary Islands to 5°S, 5°W and 25° to 35°S off western South Africa. Specimens have not been recorded between the Canary Islands and South Africa, but the possibility for their occurrence is likely. In the Western North Atlantic it is distributed from 12-2,000 m depth (mostly greater than 600 m) from Greenland south to northern South America, the Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico (Moore et al. 2003). It has also been found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans (Uyeno et al. 1983). In the southwestern Pacific this species has been recorded from 120–2,000 m depth off of New Caledonia (Fricke et al. 2011). This species has been recorded off of Hawaii from 750-800 m depth (Vetter et al. 2010). This species has occurred off of Japan from southeast Hokkaido, the Pacific coast of Tohoku District, Okinawa Trough, and the Kurile Islands (Nakabo 2002).

Countries occurrence:
American Samoa; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Benin; Bermuda; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba; Brazil; British Indian Ocean Territory; Cameroon; Canada; Cayman Islands; Chile; China; Colombia; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands; Côte d'Ivoire; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Faroe Islands; Fiji; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Greenland; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Iceland; India; Indonesia; Ireland; Jamaica; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Liberia; Madagascar; Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nauru; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Pitcairn; Portugal (Azores, Portugal (mainland)); Puerto Rico; Réunion; Russian Federation; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Solomon Islands; South Africa; Spain (Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); Suriname; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; Tuvalu; United Kingdom; United States; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Western Sahara
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southeast; Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – western central; Atlantic – northeast; Atlantic – northwest; Indian Ocean – western; Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southeast; Pacific – western central; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – northeast
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):2000
Upper depth limit (metres):12
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a rare deep-sea species, of which more than 60 specimens have been caught (Moore in press) but with little more than 100 specimens identified. Off of the African coast, eight records have occurred from the Canary Islands, as well as a number from western South Africa. It can be assumed that this species has a potentially small population (Paxton in press).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Barbourisa rufa grows to a maximum length of 38 cm but is more commonly found at 30 cm long. Although feeding habits are unknown, they most likely eat crustaceans (Moore in press). Juveniles are mesopelagic. Their larvae measure 3.7–14.1mm NL/SL and notochord flexion occurs between 6.5 and 7.5mm SL (Paxton et al. 2001).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Barbourisia rufa is not utilized (Paxton in press).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to Barbourisia rufa.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures for Barbourisia rufa.

Citation: Harold, A. 2015. Barbourisia rufa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T21110276A21910080. . Downloaded on 26 September 2018.
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