Spermophilus fulvus 

Scope: Europe
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Sciuridae

Scientific Name: Spermophilus fulvus Lichtenstein, 1823
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Yellow Ground Squirrel
Citellus fulvus Lichtenstein, 1823
Citellus fulvus Lichtenstein, 1823
Taxonomic Notes: Five subspecies are recognised. Spermophilus fulvus hybridizes with S. major in areas where these two species overlap.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2007
Date Assessed: 2007-01-27
Assessor(s): Katerina Tsytsulina, Nikolai Formozov, Boris Sheftel
Reviewer(s): Craig Hilton-Taylor and Helen Temple
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
EU 25 regional assessment: Not Evaluated (NE)

A widespread and abundant species with no major threats. Although population declines have been noted in some parts of the range, it is not believed to approach the threshold for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, it is evaluated as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Russia and Kazakhstan, from the Caspian Sea and the Volga River to Lake Balkash; south through Uzbekistan, W Tajikistan and Turkmenistan to NE Iran, and N Afghanistan; W Xinjiang (China). The southern part of the range is fragmented.
Countries occurrence:
Kazakhstan; Russian Federation
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:In some regions of Russia and Kazakhstan populations have declined as a result of commercial hunting, but the species remains common and abundant throughout most of its range.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Inhabits sand, clay and loess deserts and semi-deserts. In the forest zone it lives on black absinth and saltwort alkali soils. Usually digs a single burrows on a large territory. Sometimes burrows of the great gerbil Rhombomys opimus are used. Migrates seasonally from sites flooded with water from melted snow, or in search for fresh vegetation. Hibernation is extended; the species exits hibernation in mid-May and after 3-4 months enters hibernation again. Feeds on overground parts of cereals, absinths and saltworts.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Although it is hunted commercially, this is not considered to be a major threat to the species at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No special conservation measures apply to this species.

Citation: Katerina Tsytsulina, Nikolai Formozov, Boris Sheftel. 2007. Spermophilus fulvus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T20484A9206396. . Downloaded on 22 November 2017.
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