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Solenodon marcanoi

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA EULIPOTYPHLA SOLENODONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Solenodon marcanoi
Species Authority: (Patterson, 1962)
Common Name(s):
English Marcano's Solenodon

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Turvey, S. & Helgen, K.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Chanson, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species is listed as Extinct because it is known only from recent fossil deposits.
History:
1996 Extinct

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species was endemic to the Dominican Republic.
Countries:
Regionally extinct:
Dominican Republic
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is known from recent fossil deposits suggesting that they persisted until the modern era and their extinction followed the arrival of European settlers.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: An insectivorous species, it was the smallest of the Solenondons. Solenodon species generally occur in forests and occasionally plantations. During the day they shelter in caves, rocky crevices, hollow trees, logs, or burrows they dig. Nests are commonly built in the breeding season. They are predominantly nocturnal and forage on invertebrates, reptiles, fruit and vegetables, although they have been reported to eat poultry.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Introduced rats are the most probable reason for the extinction of this species. Fossil deposits of this species have been found with rat fossils. Deforestation, increased human activity, predation by introduced cats and dogs have also been implicated as possible causes of the extinction of this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None.

Citation: Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. 2008. Solenodon marcanoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 November 2014.
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