|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma flabellare|
|Species Authority:||Rafinesque, 1819|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of subpopulations, large population size, apparently stable trend, and lack of major threats.
|Range Description:||Range includes the Atlantic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from southern Quebec to Minnesota, and south to northeastern Oklahoma, northern Alabama, and the Peedee River system of South Carolina (Page and Burr 2011).
Subspecies brevispina: Catawba, Broad, and Peedee river drainages, North Carolina and South Carolina. Subspecies humerale: Atlantic drainages from lower Susquehanna River to the Cape Fear River. Undescribed subspecies: upper Tennessee River drainage (upstream of the Little Tennessee River), New River, and headwaters of Shavers Fork Cheat River (Monongahela River system). Subspecies flabellare: remainder of range.
Native:Canada; United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).
Total adult population size is unknown but very large. This species is abundant in much of its range.
Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable.
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat includes riffles with gravel or rubble substrate in streams of 1st through 8th order (creeks and small to medium rivers); in large streams, this darter occurs in shallow areas away from main current; occasionally it occurs in lakes; it occupies deeper water in winter (Lee et al. 1980, Page and Burr 2011). Eggs are laid in flat clusters on the undersides of stones in male territories in slow to moderate current in shallow water.|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats are known.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma flabellare. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.|
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