|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma exile|
|Species Authority:||(Girard, 1859)|
Boleichthys exilis Girard, 1859
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of subpopulations and locations, and large population size, and because the species probably is not declining fast enough to qualify for any of the threatened categories.
|Range Description:||Range includes the St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and Mississippi River basins from southern Quebec to northern Alberta, and south to Ohio, Illinois, and Colorado (Page and Burr 2011). This species occurs farther west and north than any other darter.|
Native:Canada; United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Total adult population size is unknown but presumably exceeds 10,000. This species is regarded as generally common (Page and Burr 2011).
Populations have been extirpated in many localities in the southern part of the range.
Trend over the past three generations is unknown but probably relatively stable or slowly declining.
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat includes clear sluggish vegetated headwaters, creeks, and small to medium rivers; weedy portions of glacial lakes, marshes, ponds; over substrates of sand, peat, and/or organic debris. This darter occurs in deeper lake waters and in stream pools when not breeding. Spawning occurs in shallow water of lake margins and quiet areas of streams; eggs are laid on submerged roots or debris, occasionally on gravel and sand (Page 1983, Becker 1983).|
|Major Threat(s):||Distribution and abundance have declined in some areas (e.g., Illinois) due probably to habitat degradation caused by pollution, drainage of wetlands, and introductions of non-native species (Herkert 1992).|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma exile. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 February 2015.|
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