|Scientific Name:||Etheostoma blennioides|
|Species Authority:||Rafinesque, 1819|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & Darwall, W.R.T.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Ormes, M.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of subpopulations, large population size, apparently stable trend, and lack of major threats.
|Range Description:||Range includes the Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from eastern Kansas and Oklahoma east to New York and western Maryland, and from southwestern Ontario south to Arkansas, Alabama, and Georgia (excluding the range of former subspecies gutselli, now regarded as a distinct species; Nelson et al. 2004); also the Atlantic slope in Mohawk, Susquehanna, and Potomac drainages, New York to Virginia; a range hiatus exists in the Former Mississippi Embayment and lowlands of Illinois and southwestern Indiana (Page and Burr 2011).|
Native:Canada (Ontario); United States (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, New York, Oklahoma, Virginia)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is represented by a large number of occurrences (subpopulations).
Total adult population size is unknown but very large. This species is usually common to abundant; on the Atlantic slope, it is common only in the Potomac River (Page and Burr 2011).
Trend over the past 10 years or three generations is uncertain but likely relatively stable. In Canada (a small part of the overall range), restricted to and locally abundant in three river systems and apparently declining, perhaps due to habitat degradation (Dalton 1991).
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs in varied habitats; often it is in medium-sized to large creeks and small to medium rivers with gravel- or rubble-strewn riffles; it also occurs in silt-free, shallow bedrock pools with steady current, and it inhabits some relatively quiet lake shores (Lee et al. 1980, Page 1983, Page and Burr 2011). Eggs are attached to boulders or bedrock, often among filamentous algae (Page 1983).|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats are known.|
|Conservation Actions:||Currently, this species is of relatively low conservation concern and does not require significant additional protection or major management, monitoring, or research action.|
|Citation:||NatureServe 2013. Etheostoma blennioides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 May 2015.|
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