|Scientific Name:||Ephedra foeminea|
Ephedra campylopoda C.A.Mey.
Ephedra fragilis Desf. subspecies campylopoda (C.A.Mey.) K.Richt.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Bell, A. & Bachman, S.|
|Reviewer/s:||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Lutz, M.L.|
E. foeminea is widespread and has a stable population at present. No significant threats have been identified so a rating of Least Concern is given.
|Range Description:||Distributed across the southeastern Mediterranean from Italy and Greece to Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan. Extends further south to Sinai, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. More recently it has been reported from northeast Africa in Eritrea and Djibouti (Freitag and Maier-Stolte 2003). A disjunct population from Libya was also reported in Browicz (1991). Occurs from sea level up to 2,600 m.|
Native:Albania; Bulgaria; Cyprus; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Greece (East Aegean Is., Kriti); Israel; Italy; Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Saudi Arabia; Somalia; Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey; Yemen
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Is rare to abundant across its range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A climbing or scrambling shrub, found in a variety of habitats from sparse maquis, phrygana to Mediterranean woodlands (including Juniperus phoenicea). Occurs on cliffs, in ravines and on bare rocks. Flowers from March to November and fruits August to January.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known at present.|
|Conservation Actions:||Throughout its range it overlaps numerous protected areas. Samples can be found growing in at least ten botanic gardens and samples have been collected for ex situ conservation as part of the Millennium Seed Bank project.|
|Citation:||Bell, A. & Bachman, S. 2011. Ephedra foeminea. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 May 2013.|
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