Salmo carpio


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Salmo carpio
Species Authority: Linnaeus, 1758
Common Name(s):
English Carpione Del Garda

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2bde ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Freyhof, J. & Elvira, B. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
Salmo carpio is restricted to Garda lake in northern Italy and its population has been reduced by more than 80% in the past ten years due to introduced species, overfishing and other unknown reasons. The decline in this species is based upon fisheries catch data.
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is restricted to Garda lake in northern Italy. It has been introduced into numerous lakes in Italy and other countries.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Decreasing.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a lacustrine species. It has two spawning seasons: one in winter and one in summer.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Overfishing, destruction of habitat and water pollution (past threats). Introduced species (Coregonus spp).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Salmo carpio. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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