|Scientific Name:||Caridina spinata Woltereck, 1937|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||De Grave, S., Wowor, D. & Klotz, W.|
|Reviewer(s):||Cumberlidge, N. & Smith, K.|
The species is endemic to Lake Towuti (Sulawesi), a small lake (561.1 km2) which is a single location. Major threats include over harvesting, and the potential impacts of pollution (nickel mining), eutrophication and invasive species. The species is only found in the rocky substrate areas within Lake Towuti and is not found in any of the other lakes within the Malili Lake system. As such the species is considered Endangered under criteria B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v).
Caridina spinata is endemic to Lake Towuti in Sulawesi (von Rintelen and Cai 2009).
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information is available.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
Caridina spinata is a hard substrate dweller, primarily on rocks, with adults preferring deeper water (3-5 m).
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||
The species is available in the aquarium trade (all wild harvested).
Current threat to the species are nickel mining (specifically polluting Danau Matano, a close connected lake to Towuti), introduced species (Nile Perch and Cyprinus carpio have been introduced to Towuti) and organic effluents from the rapidly expanding human population.
Levels of harvesting have been increasing and have probably caused the species' population to decline. It requires regulations and harvest management to be adopted.
|Citation:||De Grave, S., Wowor, D. & Klotz, W. 2013. Caridina spinata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T197754A2498559.Downloaded on 23 April 2018.|
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