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Rhinolophus capensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA RHINOLOPHIDAE

Scientific Name: Rhinolophus capensis
Species Authority: Lichtenstein, 1823
Common Name(s):
English Cape Horseshoe Bat, Southern Africa Horseshoe Bat

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Jacobs, D., Cotterill, F.P.D. & Taylor, P.J.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population (there are many records of this species from coastal caves), and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
History:
2004 Near Threatened
1996 Vulnerable (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to the coastal belt of the Northern Cape, the Western Cape and the Eastern Cape of South Africa, as far east along the coast as the vicinity of East London (Skinner and Chimimba 2005). Records outside of this range are misidentifications (see Skinner and Chimimba 2005).
Countries:
Native:
South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Northern Cape Province, Western Cape)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This bat can be found in colonies consisting of thousands of individuals (Taylor 2000; Skinner and Chimimba 2005). Skinner and Chimimba (2005) state that 'they are abundant in the Western Cape and the Eastern Cape, where there are many records from coastal caves'.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This bat has been recorded from a range of habitats, including fynbos, in coastal areas. Populations roost in suitable coastal and sea caves, and have been recorded from dark lofts, and disused mines (Taylor 2000; Csorba, Ujhelyi and Thomas 2003; Smithers and Chimimba 2005). The diet consists largely of beetles, but other invertebrates are also taken. the breeding season is December to February, with a single young born.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is threatened in parts of its range by disturbance of cave roosts (often by recreational and tourism activities), and the conversion of suitable foraging habitat to agricultural use.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in some protected areas. There is a need to identify and protect important roost sites for this species. Further studies are needed into the distribution of this bat.

Citation: Jacobs, D., Cotterill, F.P.D. & Taylor, P.J. 2008. Rhinolophus capensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 December 2014.
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