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Grammonus ater

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII OPHIDIIFORMES BYTHITIDAE

Scientific Name: Grammonus ater
Species Authority: (Risso, 1810)
Synonym/s:
Oligopus ater Risso, 1810
Oligopus niger Risso, 1827

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2008-02-29
Assessor/s: Kara, H.
Reviewer/s: Golani, D., Nouar, A., Quignard, J.P. & Cuttelod, A. and Nielsen, J.G.
Justification:
It is supposed to be a deep-water species. Its occasional bycatch is not thought to be damaging the population. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, where it occurs from the Balearic Islands to the Adriatic. It was inventoried under the name Oligopus ater in Risso (1810), and was recorded in Algeria under the name Grammonus armatus Dodelein (Dieuziede and Roland 1958).
Countries:
Native:
Albania; Croatia; France; Greece; Italy; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Slovenia; Spain; Tunisia
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Mediterranean and Black Sea
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no population information.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a reef-associated species that inhabits shallow rocky areas (Nielsen 1986). It is likely to be a deep dweller that migrates to coastal areas in August (Göthel 1992). It is nocturnal and hides in caves during the day (Göthel 1992).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This is a species with no commercial interest. It is caught as bycatch.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures for this species. However, this species may be found in Marine Protected Areas within its distribution range.
Citation: Kara, H. 2011. Grammonus ater. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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