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Eretmophorus kleinenbergi 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Gadiformes Moridae

Scientific Name: Eretmophorus kleinenbergi Giglioli, 1889
Taxonomic Notes: Although there have been concerns as to the taxonomic status of Eretmophorus kleinenbergi (Cohen 1986), it is currently considered a valid species (Eschmeyer 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2014-07-12
Assessor(s): Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Carpenter, K.E., de Morais, L., Knudsen, S. & Harold, A.
Reviewer(s): Strongin, K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Stump, E.
Justification:
Eretmophorus kleinenbergi is thought to be endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, where is it widely distributed but rare. Although the taxonomic status of E. kleinenbergi is uncertain, it is considered a valid species. Little is known about population size, trends, range or ecology for this deep-water species. However, there are no known threats to this species, or its deep-water habitat; therefore, Eretmophorus kleinenbergi is assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Within the Mediterranean Sea, Eretmophorus kleinenbergi occurs in the Ligurian Sea (Ariola 1904), Tyrrhenian Sea (Mazzarelli 1917) and the Strait of Messina (Giglioli 1889, reviewed in Battaglia et al. 2012). Most specimens have been captured in the central Mediterranean, but a few have been found in the western part of the sea, specifically the Catalan Sea of Gibraltar (Lloris et al. 1994). It possibly also occurs in the north subtropical Atlantic, as evident from one captured specimen (Howe 1991), but is generally considered an endemic species of the Mediterranean Sea.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
France (Corsica); Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia)
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Mediterranean and Black Sea
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):1151
Upper depth limit (metres):30
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Population size and trends are unknown for this species. It appears to be widespread throughout most of the Mediterranean Sea.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a epipelagic species (Lloris et al. 1994) that feeds on zooplankton and other planktonic invertebrates. Lloris et al. (1994) captured this species at depths of 930 to 1,151 m.
Systems:Marine
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized by humans.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This is a species with no commercial interest and is not thought to have any threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There is no information available on specific conservation measures for this species. However, this species may be present in marine protected areas found within its distribution (World Database on Protected Areas 2010). Research is needed into its taxonomy, life history traits and any possible threats. It was previously assessed as Data Deficient, globally and in the Mediterranean (Abdul Malak et al. 2011, IUCN 2011).

Citation: Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Carpenter, K.E., de Morais, L., Knudsen, S. & Harold, A. 2014. Eretmophorus kleinenbergi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T194821A49078936. . Downloaded on 18 October 2017.
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