Conus kiicumulus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus kiicumulus Azuma, 1982
Taxonomic Notes: This species is related to Conus proximus.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-26
Assessor(s): Duda, T.
Reviewer(s): Tagaro, S. & Peters, H.
Contributor(s): Poppe, G.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Sanciango, J., Peters, H. & Livingstone, S.
This species is found off the Ryukyu islands in Japan and is extremely scarce. This species is listed as Data Deficient with recommendation on future research on its population and plausible threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to Japan where it is found off the south and the Ruykyu Islands (Röckel et al. 1995).
Countries occurrence:
Japan (Kyushu, Shikoku)
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):300
Upper depth limit (metres):40
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no available information on population for this species. Data available are only known from the type specimen.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Although reported at shallow depths of 40-100 m (Röckel et al. 1995) this species has been found at depths of between 200-300 m (G. T. Poppe pers. comm. 2011) where it lives in sand and mud habitats. Adults of the species will grow to approximately 41 mm although they will typically be less than this (Röckel et al. 1995).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed, however, this species is traded for prices typically in the very high range (Rice 2007).  Lack of availability in the market probably reflects the inaccessible deep-water habitat of this species where specimens can normally only be recovered as fisheries by-catch.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Although market indicators suggest shells of this species are extremely scarce, it only occurs in deep water below recreational scuba depths where recovery will normally result from fisheries by-catch. It is also restricted to southern Japan and the Ryukyu Islands and with the extreme scarcity this species could be at risk.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is restricted in its range and very scarce in the market and would benefit from further research into populations, distribution, habitat, level of off-take and threats (including the impact of fisheries) before any action plan can be formulated. There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.

Citation: Duda, T. 2013. Conus kiicumulus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192806A2164780. . Downloaded on 20 April 2018.
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