|Scientific Name:||Nomada kohli Schmiedeknecht, 1882|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Roberts, S. & Nieto, A.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution and presumed large and stable overall population.
The species occurs in western, central, eastern and southern Europe and north-west Africa. From northern France eastwards until central Romania and east Bulgaria, and in southern Europe from Spain eastwards over Sicily, Malta and the Aegean islands until Cyprus (Grace 2010, Jozan 2011, Stoch 2003, Gogala 2013, M. Schwarz, J. Straka and E. Dufrêne pers. comm. 2014, J. Smit pers. obs. 2014). The extent of occurrence (EOO) is 3,709,681 km2 and the area of occupancy (AOO) is 468 km2.
Native:Austria; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; France (France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland)); Hungary; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Malta; Romania; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland))
Regionally extinct:Czech Republic; Switzerland
|Population:||The species does not seem to be in decline, at least in the south of Europe (J. Smit, pers. obs. 2014).|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
Nomada kohli is a brood parasite of other bees, and Lasioglossum puncticolle is probably the host (Stoeckhert 1919, Schmiedeknecht 1930, Standfuss and Schwarz 2007). The species is bivoltine, in that it has two generations per year, and the flight period is from the end of April to the end of June, and from the end of July to the end of August
It inhabits dry open grasslands, vineyards, dykes, verges and river banks (J. Smit pers. obs. 2013).
|Use and Trade:||This species is not traded or exploited commercially.|
Certain agricultural practices, such as the application of pesticides, lead to the removal of wild flowers, reducing the area of suitable habitat and floral resource availability for the host.
This species is included in the National Red Lists or Red Data Books of the following three European countries: Czech Republic (Regionally Extinct; Farkac et al. 2005), Germany (Endangered; Westrich et al. 2011), Slovenia (Endangered; Anonymous 2002) and Switzerland (Regionally Extinct; Amiet 1994). It is not known if it occurs in protected areas.
|Citation:||Smit, J. 2014. Nomada kohli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T19199872A21461992.Downloaded on 16 August 2018.|
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