|Scope: Global & Europe|
|Scientific Name:||Hoplitis tkalcuella Le Goff, 2003|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kemp, J.R., Michez, D. & Nieto, A.|
Listed as Data Deficient as there is little or no information available on the population size, trends, habitat, ecology and threats to the species. Research should be conducted in order to determine the status of this species.
|Range Description:||Hoplitis tkalcuella is endemic to Spain (Le Goff 2003c).|
Native:Spain (Spain (mainland))
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
The population size and trends of this species are not known.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
Hoplitis tkalcuella possibly occurs in Mediterranean-type shrublands, although the habitat has not been described. It nests in excavated burrows in rather hard soil. The entrance burrow ramifies after a length of around one centimetre into four branches, each containing one to three linearly arranged cells separated from each other by a layer of mud. The cell partitions and nest plug are built from mud (Le Goff 2003c, 2010). This species is oligolectic, in that it prefers to forage upon a narrow range of flowering plant species, primarily on Echium (Boraginaceae) (Le Goff 2003c, unpublished data A. Müller pers. comm. 2014).
|Use and Trade:||There is no current exploitation that could represent a threat to the species as a whole.|
|Major Threat(s):||The threats to this species are not known.|
The species is not listed in any National Red Lists or Red Data Books. It is unknown whether it occurs within any protected areas. Further research should be conducted to determine the population size, trends and threats to the species.
|Citation:||Lhomme, P. 2014. Hoplitis tkalcuella. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T19199662A21154749.Downloaded on 15 July 2018.|
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