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Symphodus cinereus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRIDAE

Scientific Name: Symphodus cinereus
Species Authority: (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Common Name(s):
English Grey wrasse
French Crénilabre cendrée, Pitre
Spanish Bodión
Synonym(s):
Crenilabrus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Crenilabrus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Crenilabrus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Crenilabrus griseus (Gmelin, 1789)
Crenilabrus griseus (Gmelin, 1789)
Crenilabrus griseus (Gmelin, 1789)
Crenilabrus staitii Nordmann, 1840
Crenilabrus staitii Nordmann, 1840
Crenilabrus staitii Nordmann, 1840
Labrus cinereus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus cinereus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus cinereus Bonnaterre, 1788
Labrus griseus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus griseus Gmelin, 1789
Labrus griseus Gmelin, 1789
Symphodus cinereus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Symphodus cinereus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Symphodus cinereus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Symphodus cinereus staitii (Nordmann, 1840)
Symphodus cinereus staitii (Nordmann, 1840)
Symphodus cinereus staitii (Nordmann, 1840)
Taxonomic Notes: Populations in French Mediterranean coastal lagoons may comprise a separate sub-species (Quignard pers. comm.. 2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-07-12
Assessor(s): Pollard, D.
Reviewer(s): Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.
Justification:
This species is present throughout the Mediterranean and in the eastern Atlantic off south-western Europe. There are no major threats to this species throughout most of its range, though there have been population declines recorded in France due to a localised fishery in Mediterranean coastal lagoons. There is very little population information available for this species, but overall its main populations are thought to be stable. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: In the eastern Atlantic, this species is present from the Arcachon basin (Bay of Biscay, SW France) to Gibraltar. It is found throughout the Mediterranean and Black Seas (Quignard 1986).
Countries:
Native:
Albania; Algeria; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Egypt; France; Georgia; Gibraltar; Greece; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libya; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – northeast; Mediterranean and Black Sea
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is little specific information available on the main populations of this species in the Eastern Atlantic or the Mediterranean Sea.

This small species 16 cm (TL) is not generally targeted by any large fisheries, although it is fished locally in the Thau, Berre, Bage-Sijean and Salse-Leucate lagoons in France, where it is used in fish soup. There have apparently been noticeable declines in these coastal lagoon populations in France (Quignard pers. comm. 2008), and it is possible that the populations found in these lagoons may comprise a separate sub-species (Quignard pers. comm.). If this turns out to be the case, this sub-species may warrant listing in a threatened or near threatened category (D. Pollard pers. comm. 2008).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is generally found on sandy substrates, but it can also be found around weed-covered rocks and in seagrass beds. Diet mainly comprises small benthic crustaceans and molluscs (Golani et al. 2006). This is a small fish that is found between 1-30 m. It spawns in spring, and one or several females lay their eggs in a nest built by a single male (Golani et al. 2006).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is collected for food.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Major threats to this species in French coastal lagoons include overfishing, pollution and habitat degradation of seagrass beds. There are no known major threats to this species in the open sea.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps some marine protected areas within its range.

Citation: Pollard, D. 2010. Symphodus cinereus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 September 2014.
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