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Symphodus rostratus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRIDAE

Scientific Name: Symphodus rostratus
Species Authority: (Bloch, 1791)
Common Name(s):
French Pitre, Sublaire
Spanish Grivieta
Synonym(s):
Coricus brama Nordmann, 1840
Coricus brama Nordmann, 1840
Coricus lamarckii (Risso, 1810)
Coricus lamarckii (Risso, 1810)
Coricus rostratus (Bloch, 1791)
Coricus rostratus (Bloch, 1791)
Coricus rubescens (Risso, 1810)
Coricus rubescens (Risso, 1810)
Coricus virescens (Bloch, 1791)
Coricus virescens (Bloch, 1791)
Crenilabrus rostratus (Bloch, 1791)
Crenilabrus rostratus (Bloch, 1791)
Crenilabrus scina (Forsskål, 1775)
Crenilabrus scina (Forsskål, 1775)
Labrus scina Forsskål, 1775
Labrus scina Forsskål, 1775
Lutjanus lamarckii Risso, 1810
Lutjanus lamarckii Risso, 1810
Lutjanus rostratus Bloch, 1791
Lutjanus rostratus Bloch, 1791
Lutjanus rubescens Risso, 1810
Lutjanus rubescens Risso, 1810
Lutjanus virescens Bloch, 1791
Lutjanus virescens Bloch, 1791
Symphodus fulvescens Rafinesque, 1810
Symphodus fulvescens Rafinesque, 1810
Symphodus scina (Forsskål, 1775)
Symphodus scina (Forsskål, 1775)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-07-12
Assessor(s): Pollard, D.
Reviewer(s): Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.
Justification:
This species is present throughout the Mediterranean Sea, and there are no known major threats to its populations. Although there is no specific population information available, its populations are thought to be stable. This Mediterranean endemic species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It is present throughout the whole Mediterranean basin and the western part of the Black Sea (Golani et al. 2006).
Countries:
Native:
Albania; Algeria; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Egypt; France; Gibraltar; Greece; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libya; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Romania; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – northeast; Mediterranean and Black Sea
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is common and widespread in the Mediterranean Sea.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives mainly over Posidonia seagrass beds, though it is also present on algal-covered rocky reefs. It frequently occurs in large aggregations and feeds on small benthic organisms such as molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms. Spawning takes place in spring, when the male builds and guards a nest of algae, in which one or more females lay adhesive eggs (Golani et al. 2006).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species may be sold for food when caught in local artisanal fisheries, where it is probably mainly used in fish soup.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to this species, although it may be utilized as food when caught in local artisanal fisheries.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.

Citation: Pollard, D. 2010. Symphodus rostratus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 September 2014.
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