Symphodus ocellatus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Symphodus ocellatus
Species Authority: (Forsskål, 1775)
Common Name(s):
English Ocellated Wrasse
French Ruchè, Crénilabre ocellé, Soultan
Spanish Tordo
Crenilabrus ocellatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Crenilabrus ocellatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Labrus ocellaris Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus ocellaris Linnaeus, 1758
Labrus ocellatus Forsskål, 1775
Labrus ocellatus Forsskål, 1775
Symphodus ocellaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
Symphodus ocellaris (Linnaeus, 1758)
Symphodus ocellatus ocellatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Symphodus ocellatus ocellatus (Forsskål, 1775)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-07-12
Assessor(s): Pollard, D.
Reviewer(s): Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.
This endemic species is present throughout the Mediterranean, where there appear to be no known major threats to its populations. Although there is no specific population information available, its populations are thought to be stable. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, where it found throughout most of this sea and the Sea of Marmara, though it is rare in the Levant. It is also present in the western and north-western Black Sea and the Sea of Azov (Golani et al. 2006).
Albania; Algeria; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Egypt; France; Gibraltar; Greece; Israel; Italy; Lebanon; Libya; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – northeast; Mediterranean and Black Sea
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is relatively common thoughout the Mediterranean Sea, but is less abundant along the coast of the Levant.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives in small groups, mainly over algal-covered rocky substrates, but also in seagrass beds. It feeds on bryozoans, hydroids, tubiculous polychaete worms, shrimps, amphipods and molluscs. The young fish may act as cleaners of other fishes.

It is a protogynous hermaphrodite, and the male builds, maintains and guards a nest made of seaweed (Cystoseia), in which several females lay their eggs (Golani et al. 2006).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species may be sold for food when caught in local artisanal fisheries, where it is probably used mainly in fish soup.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to this species, although it may be sold for food when caught in local artisanal fisheries.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.

Citation: Pollard, D. 2010. Symphodus ocellatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided