|Scientific Name:||Xyrichtys koteamea|
|Species Authority:||Randall & Allen, 2004|
|Taxonomic Notes:||There is some taxonomic confusion between the species under Xyrichtys and Iniistius. The genus Iniistius has been considered a synonym of Xyrichtys by some authors but it is now recognized as a separate genus, distinct from Xyrichtys (Randall and Earle 2002, Randall et al. 2002). Seventeen species are included in Iniistius and they are: I. aneitensis, I. auropunctatus, I. baldwini, I. bimaculatus, I. cyanifrons, I. dea, I. evides, I. griffithsi, I. jacksoniensis, I. melanopus, I. pavo, I. pentadactylus, I. spilonotus, I. trivittatus, I. twistii, I. umbrilatus, and I. verrens.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.|
This species is only known from Easter Island, where is it found in deeper waters. More research is needed to determine any major threats for this species, given its very restricted range. It is listed as Data Deficient.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from the Easter Island. The area of occupancy based on 200 m bathymetry, is estimated to be 100 km2.|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – southeast
|Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:||100|
|Lower depth limit (metres):||250|
|Upper depth limit (metres):||50|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available for this species. This deep water species is not commonly observed.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs over sand and rubble bottoms to depths up to 250 m.
Species of Xyrichtys are called Razorfish in allusion to their compressed bodies and the sharp leading edge of their forehead and snout, specialisations for quick entry into sand (Randall 2007).
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. Easter Island has three designated marine protected areas (Wood 2007).|
|Citation:||Rocha, L. 2010. Xyrichtys koteamea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187469A8543542. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187469A8543542.en . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.|
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