Map_thumbnail_large_font

Oxycheilinus digramma

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_onStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRIDAE

Scientific Name: Oxycheilinus digramma
Species Authority: (Lacepède, 1801)
Common Name/s:
English Bandcheek wrasse, Cheek-lined Maori wrasse, Cheeklined Maori wrasse, Cheeklined wrasse
French Vieille barbe noire
Synonym/s:
Cheilinus coccineus Rüppell, 1828
Cheilinus coccineus Rüppell, 1828
Cheilinus commersoni Bennett, 1832
Cheilinus commersoni Bennett, 1832
Cheilinus diagrammus Valenciennes, 1840
Cheilinus diagrammus Valenciennes, 1840
Cheilinus digramma (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digramma (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digrammas (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digrammas (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus digrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Cheilinus lacrymans Valenciennes, 1840
Cheilinus lacrymans Valenciennes, 1840
Cheilinus radiatus Valenciennes, 1840
Cheilinus radiatus Valenciennes, 1840
Cheilinus roseus Valenciennes, 1840
Cheilinus roseus Valenciennes, 1840
Labrus digramma Lacepède, 1801
Labrus digramma Lacepède, 1801
Oxycheilinus diagrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Oxycheilinus diagrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Oxycheilinus digrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Oxycheilinus digrammus (Lacepède, 1801)
Sparus radiatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Sparus radiatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Taxonomic Notes: This species is also known as Oxycheilnus digrammus (Eschmeyer and Fricke 2009).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-03-25
Assessor/s: Liu, M. & To, A.
Reviewer/s: Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.
Justification:
This species has a wide distribution. It prefers coral-rich areas, and is common in many parts of its range. There are no major threats known. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found from the Red Sea and East Africa to the Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Taiwan and south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Countries:
Native:
American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia; British Indian Ocean Territory; Cambodia; Comoros; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; India; Indonesia; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Kiribati; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is considered to be common in many parts of its range.

Population information for this species has occasionally been recorded. For instance, from a beam trawl survey in Tanzania, the density was reported to be 0.01 individual per 1,000 m2 in seagrass bed, which is less preferred habitat for this species (Gullström 2008), from a UVC using five 20 x 1 m belt transects, six individuals with size range 6-30 cm total length were sighted (Shibuno et al. 2008), and from a dive survey in the Solomon Islands, this species was reported to be a moderately common species (Allen 2006).

In Fiji, Tonga and New Caledonia, this species was commonly recorded, 187, 242 and 769 individuals were counted in various UVC surveys (M. Kulbicki pers. comm.). However, this species is not common in French-Polynesia, only five individuals were counted (M. Kulbicki pers. comm.).

On the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia, a mean density of 0.7 individuals from twenty 50 m X 5 m transects was recorded in underwater fish visual surveys (Yusuf et al. 2002).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits coral-rich areas of lagoon and sheltered seaward reefs, from three to possibly 120 m (Lieske and Myers 1994). It is solitary. Although it has been observed to swim with a group of goatfish, change its colour to resemble these fish, and dart out from the group to capture small fish (Randall et al. 1997).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species. This species is not considered as a food fish in Taiwan (Shao 2005), however, it may be utilized in subsistence fisheries. This species was reported to be collected for the aquarium trade in Mozambique (Whittington et al. 2000).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are many marine protected areas throughout the distribution of this species. For example, it is known that this species occurs within the Kenting National Park of Taiwan (Shao 2005). However, specific management on this species is largely lacking throughout its range of occurrence.
Citation: Liu, M. & To, A. 2010. Oxycheilinus digramma. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided